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Guinea in brief

The Republic of Guinea is a West African state, consisting of four natural regions (Forest Guinea, Upper Guinea, Middle Guinea and Maritime Guinea) and seven administrative regions (Nzérékoré. Kankan, Faranah, Mamou. Kindia. Labé and Boké), which in turn are divided into 33 prefectures. The capital, Conakry, which enjoys special status. It is bordered to the north by Senegal and Mali, to the south by Sierra Leone and Liberia, to the east by Mali and Côte d'Ivoire, and to the west by Guinea Bissau and the Atlantic Ocean.

Guinea has a population of about 14 million. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the past two decades (currently, life expectancy is 59 for women and 60 for men) it remains one of the poorest countries in Africa.

The poverty condition of the population in Guinea is confirmed by the United Nations: according to the Human Development Index, Guinea occupies position 175 out of 188; 69.4% of the population earns less than $3.10 per day, while 35.3% earns less than $1.90 per day (conventional poverty line limit); 62% are in a multidimensional poverty situation; 38% in a situation of severe multidimensional poverty.

In the Heritage Foundation's Economic Freedom Index14 - defined as the right of every human being to determine himself economically through his own labor and property management - Guinea ranks 169th out of 180 countries.

In addition, Guinea has fertile soils and abundant rainfall: as a result, the country has high potential for both hydropower and agriculture.

Guinea has enormous mineral wealth such as bauxite, gold, damanti, copper, high-grade iron ore, graphite, nickel, and cobalt but remains underdeveloped: water, electricity, infrastructure, education, youth unemployment, illiteracy, and the situation of children and the disabled make Guinea one of the poorest countries in the world.